The reciprocal relationship between theory and research often becomes evident to students Deductive hypothesis to these topics when they consider the relationships between theory and research in inductive and deductive approaches to research.
In the case of my collaborative research on sexual harassment, we began the study knowing that we would like to take both a deductive and an inductive approach in our work. The interview data were well suited to an inductive approach; we looked for patterns across the interviews and then tried to make sense of those patterns by theorizing about them.
Theories structure and inform sociological research. From these data they developed a set of recommendations for those interested in applied interventions that serve homeless youth. Investigating the social world: The new studies revealed that arrest seemed to have a deterrent effect for those who were married and employed but that it led to increased offenses for those who were unmarried and unemployed.
How might you study the topic inductively? Inductive Approaches and Some Examples In an inductive approach Collect data, analyze patterns in the data, and then theorize from the data.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52, 4— Sexual harassment as a gendered expression of power. Classroom learning environments and the mental health of first grade children. Journal of Family Issues, 32, — American Sociological Review, 74, — Inductive and deductive approaches to research can be employed together for a more complete understanding of the topic that a researcher is studying.
Conversely, labeling theory predicts that arresting accused spouse batterers will increase future incidents.
In other cases, it did not. Pine Forge Press, p. While inductive and deductive approaches to research seem quite different, they can actually be rather complementary.
A Bayesian analysis of four field experiments. In other words, they move from data to theory, or from the specific to the general. We then tested our hypotheses by analyzing the survey data.
Enhancing empowerment and leadership among homeless youth in agency and community settings: American Sociological Review, 57, —; Pate, A. Researchers thus turned to control theory, which predicts that having some stake in conformity through the social ties provided by marriage and employment, as the better explanation.
Legal and informal control of domestic violence. Contemporary hate crimes, law enforcement, and the legacy of racial violence.
The researcher studies what others have done, reads existing theories of whatever phenomenon he or she is studying, and then tests hypotheses that emerge from those theories.
We therefore administered a quantitative survey, the responses to which we could analyze in order to test hypotheses, and also conducted qualitative interviews with a number of the survey participants.
What are some of the different sources of knowledge recall Chapter 1 "Introduction" they rely on? A deductive approach to research is the one that people typically associate with scientific investigation.
The specific deterrent effects of arrest for domestic assault. The researchers also developed hypotheses for people who might wish to conduct further investigation of the topic.The deductive approach involves beginning with a theory, developing hypotheses from that theory, and then collecting and analyzing data to test those hypotheses.
Inductive and deductive approaches to research can be employed together for a more complete understanding of the topic that a researcher is studying. The hypothetico- deductive method is based on trying to falsify (disprove) the researchers hypothesis.
Deductive reasoning, or deduction, starts out with a general statement, or hypothesis, and examines the possibilities to reach a specific, logical conclusion, according to California State University. The scientific method uses deduction to test hypotheses and theories. A deductive approach is concerned with “developing a hypothesis (or hypotheses) based on existing theory, and then designing a research strategy to test the hypothesis” It has been stated that “deductive means reasoning from the particular to the general.
The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.Download